Mawlamyine served as the main port of British Burma from 1827 to 1852. It is now the second busiest seaport and the third largest city in Myanmar. Visit the Payon Cave filled with stalactites and stalagmites and numerous Buddha images and the Kawgaun Cave, locally known as the Cave of Ten Thousand Buddhas, housing a large number of Buddha images in various forms and sizes. Mawlamyine also serves as the base to visit Kyaik-Thanlan Pagoda, Thanbyuzayat and Kyaikkhami Beach Resort. The infamous Japanese project “Death Railway” connecting Myanmar and Thailand with the Bridge on the River Kwai. Began in Thanbyuzayat. Places such as the Allied War Memorial Cemetery for prisoners-of war who died while building the “Death Railway” during World War 2. The Railway Museum and a Japanese-built pagoda in memory of the perished Japanese engineers and prisoners-of-war are worth visiting.